What Is Centrifugal Pumps & Its Components – Your A-Z Guide.

what is Centrifugal Pumps and its Components

what is Centrifugal Pumps and its Components

In this fast-paced, industry-based economy, there are numerous essential pieces of equipment, and one such vital component is centrifugal pumps. The pump is the most common equipment used in multiple industries for fluid management, transferring fluid from one place to another.

Whether you’re an engineer, a supply manager, or a business owner seeking optimal fluid management pumps, you’ve come to the right place. This blog will delve into the centrifugal pump, including its definition, various types, applications, and more. Let’s begin with the basics and explore what a centrifugal pump is and how it operates.

What Is A Centrifugal Pump & How Does It Work?  

Centrifugal pump is one of the most used pumps for industrial purposes to transfer the liquid as well as to raise the temperature of the liquid. It converts the energy and acts on liquids to send them from a lower level to the higher one. The pump has a wide range of applications in various fields like agriculture, industrial purposes, and more which we’ll see further in the blog.

Let’s first see how the centrifugal pump works. To solve your centrifugal pump requirement, it is important for you to understand the working of this equipment.

  • At the center is one of the parts of the centrifugal pump called the impeller. Once the device is started, the impeller is supposed to rotate at a very high speed and generate centrifugal force.
  • Now any fluid passed through the impeller is pushed towards the outer edges of the pump, and the fluid enters one of the other parts of centrifugal pump known as the volute. The speed energy is converted into pressure energy by volute.
  • Finally, this high-pressure energy results in the discharge of fluid at high heights. The centrifugal pump basically uses a spinning method for fluid management.  

This is how a centrifugal pump works. There’s more to it. Do you know multiple types of centrifugal pumps can be selected based on your requirements? So, if you’re looking to invest in one of these centrifugal pumps, worry not. Below mentioned are the types of centrifugal pumps in detail.

Centrifugal Process Pumps new pump
Centrifugal Process Pumps

Types of Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal pumps find applications across multiple industries, and to cater to the specific requirements of each industry, various types of centrifugal pumps are available. These pumps are classified based on two factors: flow type and the number of stages. Now, let’s delve into a detailed exploration of these classifications.

Types of Centrifugal Pumps Based on Flow Type

Radial Pump

This is one of the most common or most used pumps. The pump is used when the amount of fluid is low, and the discharge pressure required is high. Industries dealing with oil and gas mostly use a radial pump.

Axial Pump

As guessed, an axial pump is the opposite of a radial pump. Here the flow of fluid is created along the axis of the pump, particularly in a straight line. The pump is used in case of huge amounts of fluid for generating low to medium pressure. It is known to be used mainly for irrigation systems or for pumping water from huge water bodies.

Types of Centrifugal Pumps Based on Stage Pumps

Single Stage Pumps

These pumps have a single impeller and are designed for high fluid and low-pressure requirements. Since these pumps are simply designed, they’re very easy to maintain. Along with this, they prove to be cost-effective and highly reliable.

Two Stage Pumps

As the name implies, two-stage pumps come with a double impeller. These are used to generate high energy, where the energy of one impeller is used to increase flow by the second impeller. The design of these pumps is more advanced, where two impellers are arranged in series. These pumps require more maintenance as compared to single-stage ones.

Multi Stage Pumps

Multi-stage pumps come with multiple impellers and are used for generating extremely high pressure. Three or more impellers are fixed in series to increase the pressure at each impeller. Boiler systems, oil & gas industries, and more mainly use these pumps.

Also, just to mention, no matter what your requirement is and what type of centrifugal pump you select, make sure to purchase it from a trusted manufacturer like Sujal Engineering to get the best quality product.

Remember how we mentioned that there are multiple applications of centrifugal pumps? It’s time to see what those applications are.

Applications of Centrifugal Pumps

In this part of the blog, we’ll be seeing the application of centrifugal pumps across multiple industries. Let’s proceed to see that.

Food Processing Industry

Centrifugal pumps can manage fluids very efficiently and are, therefore, highly used in the food processing industry to maintain adequate hygiene standards. The pumps are used to handle various fluids like water, milk, oil, sauces, juices, and more. They ensure that the food is safe by maintaining the right pressure and temperature of these fluids. Along with this, these pumps help in the packaging of fluid by transferring it to the right container, tin, or packet.

Agriculture Industry

Multiple operations in the agriculture industries are performed smoothly with the help of centrifugal pumps. Farmers primarily use the pumps for the purpose of irrigation. Water can be easily transferred from large water bodies like lakes, and rivers to the field for irrigation of plants and crops. The pumps also help in spraying chemicals and fertilizers to the plants more evenly.

Also, in case of heavy rainfall and floods, these pumps help remove excessive water from fields and save the situation of water logging.

Chemical Industry

Centrifugal pumps are one of the most important equipment of the chemical industry. The pumps are a game changer for transferring hazardous, corrosive liquids from one place to another. Along with transferring, pumps are used for processing chemicals, like mixing and blending two substances. Lastly, these pumps provide adequate pressure and flow to liquid and are capable of controlling the temperature of fluids like water, oil, and more.

Water Treatment Plants

Water treatment plants are the places where a huge amount of water is collected and filtered from large water bodies to make it fit for human consumption. The pumps first help in transferring the water from lakes and rivers to these plants for treatment in an efficient way. These pumps are then used to transfer water to the filtration process with the right pressure to remove all the impurities from the water. Lastly, pumps are used again for removing salt and other such impurities from water by pumping the water to desalination plants.

Mining Industries

Due to their versatility in handling corrosive liquids, high flow rates, and aggressive slurries, centrifugal pumps are frequently utilized in the mining industry. The flow and pressure required to move the material via pipelines or slurry transfer systems are provided by these pumps, which are specifically made to handle corrosive and high-density slurries.

Dewatering activities in the mining industry require centrifugal pumps. To speed up and ensure the safety of the work, water can be removed from the excavation site using a centrifugal pump.

Due to the high usage of centrifugal pumps across multiple industries, the list of applications of centrifugal pumps includes more industries like military applications, power plants, paper mills, and so on. With this, let’s continue to wrap up the blog on what centrifugal pumps.  


In this blog, we’ve covered all the information that you’ll need before investing in a centrifugal pump. We’ve covered what are centrifugal pumps, their types, parts, and finally, the application of the pump.

If you’re someone looking for a new centrifugal pump, Sujal Engineering is the best option for you. We’re one of the most trusted manufacturers of centrifugal pumps and have successfully manufactured a wide range of these pumps with complete client satisfaction to our customers.

Visit our contact page for more details, and our expert team will contact you. 

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